Drugs A - Z

Jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus)

Generic Name: Cyperus articulatus

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Adrue, benzoquinone, chintul, cyperenone, cyperus, Cyperus articulatus, diosmetin, flavonoids, geranial, germacrene-D, guinea rush, jointed flat sedge, limonene, linalool, menthol, orientin, piripiri, saponins, silolo, sugars, tannins, terpenes, vicenin 2.

Background

Jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus) is used in traditional medicine in Africa and Asia. It is commonly found in the Nile River region and is also used in Jamaica. Adrue is often used as the "medicine" from the rhizome of jointed flatsedge and is thought to be the plant's active ingredient.

Jointed flatsedge has been used for many different illnesses including digestive disorders and menstrual irregularity and it has been used for its sedative properties. It has also been investigated in animal studies for its anticonvulsant and antimicrobial properties.

Currently there are no high-quality human studies available to recommend jointed flatsedge.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Abdominal pain, anticonvulsant, antifungal, antimicrobial, bloody urine, breast pain (mastalgia), carminative (digestive aid), colic, digestive disorders, epilepsy, headache, menstruation irregularities, muscle relaxant, nausea, pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting, sedative, vaginal discharge, vomiting.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for jointed flatsedge. Traditionally, 10-30 minums of liquid jointed flatsedge extract has been used (1 minum=1/8 of a fluid ounce).

Children (under 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for jointed flatsedge in children.

Safety

DISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Allergies

Avoid in individuals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus) or any members of the Cyperaecae family. Members of the Cyperaecae family have been shown to be potent airborne pollens and have shown cross-reactivity with other pollen allergens.

Side Effects and Warnings

There is currently no high-quality human or scientific data available that reports adverse effects of jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus). Drowsiness or sedation may occur. Use caution if driving or operating heavy machinery.

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

Jointed flatsedge is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence.

Interactions

Interactions with Drugs

Although not well studied in humans, jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus) may have anticonvulsant properties. Caution is advised in patients taking anti-epileptic agents due to possible additive effects.

Although not well studied in humans, jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus) may increase the amount of drowsiness caused by some drugs. Examples include benzodiazepines such as lorazepam (Ativan®) or diazepam (Valium®), barbiturates such as phenobarbital, narcotics such as codeine, some antidepressants, and alcohol. Caution is advised while driving or operating machinery.

Interactions with Herbs & Dietary Supplements

Although not well studied in humans, jointed flatsedge (Cyperus articulatus) may have sedating properties. Drowsiness may occur. Use caution if driving or operating heavy machinery.

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