Drugs A - Z

Dogwood (Cornus spp.)

treats Fertility and Postmenopausal symptoms

Generic Name: Cornus florida

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Cornus controversa, Cornus kousa, Cornus macrophylla, Cornus nuttallii, Cornus officinalis, Cornus officinalis Sieb et Zucc, Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zuce, Cornus stolonifera, Cornus stolonifera Michx, dandi tablet, dogwood fruit, red-osier dogwood, zuo-gui-wan.

Background

Dogwood (Cornus spp.) is a deciduous tree that has showy, four-petal flowers in early spring. The indigenous peoples of the boreal forest in Canada traditionally used Cornus stolonifera for diabetes or its complications. Elders of the Saanich and Cowichan Coast Salish people of the southern Vancouver Island used Cornus nuttallii bark to treat respiratory ailments.

There is limited human evidence about the use of dogwood for use in cancer and as an antioxidant. However, future studies may investigate these areas further. Dogwood has been studied with other herbs to see its effects on hormone levels in postmenopausal and infertile women, although currently, there is a lack of strong evidence for these conditions.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Fertility: A traditional Chinese combination of herbs seems to have helped a woman with postmenopausal levels of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone to become pregnant. Although this result is interesting, further research is needed in this area.
Grade: C

Postmenopausal symptoms: There is currently insufficient available evidence to recommend dogwood for or against the treatment of postmenopausal symptoms. More studies are needed in this area.
Grade: C

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Antioxidant, cancer, cataracts, coronary heart disease, diabetes, diabetic complications, diabetic eye disease, diabetic microangiopathy (disease of very fine blood vessels), diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), HIV/AIDS, hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), respiratory ailments, sperm motility.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for dogwood in adults.

Children (under 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for dogwood in children.

Safety

DISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Allergies

Avoid in individuals with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to dogwood (Cornus spp.) or its constituents.

Side Effects and Warnings

Use cautiously in patients taking aldose reductase inhibitors, as dogwood may inhibit these enzymes.

Use cautiously in patients taking antineoplastic (anticancer) agents, as dogwood may have antineoplastic activity.

Use cautiously in patients with HIV, as dogwood may inhibit virus replication.

Use cautiously in patients attempting to become pregnant or who are postmenopausal, as dogwood may alter hormone levels.

Avoid in patients who are using birth control pills, as dogwood may alter hormone levels.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Dogwood is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence.

Dogwood should be used cautiously with estrogens, fertility agents, and birth control pills.

Dogwood fruits may increase sperm motility.

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