Drugs A - Z

Corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas)

Generic Name: Papaver rhoeas

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Alkaloids, anthocyanins, astragaline, coptisine, depsides, field poppy, Flanders poppy, flavonoids, glaudine, glycosides, hyperoside, hypolaetin, isocorydine, isoquercitrine, kaempferol, luteolin, Papaveraceae (family), Papaver rhoeas, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, red corn poppy, red poppy, rhoeadine, stylopine, wild poppy.

Background

Corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas) is well known for its showy red flowers and should not be confused with the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum). In the Mediterranean, corn poppy greens are eaten as a vegetable.

Corn poppy extracts may reduce morphine withdrawal symptoms. However, there is insufficient available evidence in humans to support the use of corn poppy for any indication. Corn poppy may have iron-chelating activities and should be used cautiously in patients undergoing chelation therapy, or with thalassemia or anemia.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Antioxidant, chelating agent (heavy metals), food uses, gastric ulcers, morphine withdrawal, sedative.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for corn poppy in adults.

Children (under 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for corn poppy in children.

Safety

DISCLAIMER: Many complementary techniques are practiced by healthcare professionals with formal training, in accordance with the standards of national organizations. However, this is not universally the case, and adverse effects are possible. Due to limited research, in some cases only limited safety information is available.

Allergies

Avoid with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to corn poppy. Corn poppy flowers may cause hives in allergic individuals.

Side Effects and Warnings

Corn poppy is likely safe when the leaves, petals, and seeds are used in food amounts.

There is little information currently available about the adverse effects associated with corn poppy. However, there have been reports of contact urticaria (hives) due to the flowers.

Use cautiously in patients undergoing chelation therapy, with thalassemia (blood disorders), or with anemia (red blood cell deficiency), as corn poppy may have iron-chelating activities.

Use cautiously in patients taking sedatives, as corn poppy may cause drowsiness.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Corn poppy is not recommended in pregnant or breastfeeding women due to a lack of available scientific evidence.

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