Drugs A - Z
Generic Name: Coptis
CategoryHerbs & Supplements
Angelica (Bai Zhi), chrysanthemi (Ju Hua), cnidium (Chuan Qiong), coptis (Huang Lian), Da Huang (ruhbarb), forsythia (Lian Qiao), gardenia (Zhi Zi), gypsum (Shi Gao), Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan, inula (Xuan Fu Hua), ledebouriella (Fang Feng), licorice (Gan Cao), mint (Bo He), phellodendra (Huang Bai), platycodon (Jie Geng), schizonepeta (Jing Jie), scullcap (Huang Qin), viticis (Man Jing Zi).
Coptis formula is a Chinese herbal formula, which was mainly used to reduce excess heat in body. The formula contains: coptis (Huang Lian), Da Huang (rhubarb), scullcap (Huang Qin), phellodendra (Huang Bai), gypsum (Shi Gao), gardenia (Zhi Zi), forsythia (Lian Qiao), chrysanthemi (Ju Hua), schizonepeta (Jing Jie), angelica (Bai Zhi), viticis (Man Jing Zi), cnidium (Chuan Qiong), Ledebouriella (Fang Feng), mint (Bo He), inula (Xuan Fu Hua), platycodon (Jie Geng), and licorice (Gan Cao).
Based on expert opinion, coptis formula is usually prescribed as a dose of 10-20 drops three times a day.
The main use of this formula is to dispel excess heat (in Chinese herbalogy, this means hyper-active function, not necessarily a feeling of heat). It is used to treat high fever, irritability, insomnia, nosebleed or vomiting of blood due to excess heat. Coptis formula may also be taken to promote the cleaning process of infection, especially candidiasis (yeast). Other common uses include treatment of heart palpitations, hypertension, deep-rooted boils, other swellings, dysenteric disorders or jaundice due to damp (excess internal body dampness) heat, and for treatment of diabetes with coadministration of glibenclamide.
A double-blind study of more than 200 people evaluated the effectiveness of coptis formula (a traditional combination therapy) with or without the drug glibenclamide for the treatment of diabetes. Coptis formula appeared to significantly enhance the effectiveness of the drug; however, the herbs produced marginal benefits at best when taken alone.
Experts recommend this formula only for those people with a strong constitution, as this formula can injure yin (bodily fluids).
Based on tradition, coptis formula is not recommended long term due to the drying nature of the formula.
This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).
Vray M, Attali JR. Randomized study of glibenclamide versus traditional Chinese treatment in type 2 diabetic patients. Chinese-French Scientific Committee for the Study of Diabetes. Diabete Metab. 1995;21:433-439.
Chinese Formula Data For Liquid. 10 May 2006. www.concentric.net
Liu w. Treatment of Candidiasis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). 10 May 2006. www.tcmpage.com