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Codonopsis (Codonopsis pilosula)

Generic Name: Codonopsis

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Bastard ginseng, bellflower, bonnet bellflower, Campanulaceae (family), chuan dang, codonoposide, condonoposide 1c, Codonopsis eupolyphaga, Codonopsis lanceolata, Codonopsis modesta, Codonopsis nervosa var., Codonopsis ovata Benth., Codonopsis philosula, Codonopsis pilosula, Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf., Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. var. volubilis, Codonopsis pilosula modesta, Codonopsis pilosular, Codonopsis silvestris, Codonopsis tangshen, Codonopsis tubulosa, dangshen, friedelin, poor man's ginseng, radix codonopsis, radix Codonopsis pilosula, alpha-spinasterol, tang shen, tang-shen, tangshenoside, tangshenoside I, taraxerol.

Background

Codonopsis is a small perennial native to Asia, which is especially abundant in the Shanxi and Szechuan provinces of China. Codonopsis has been used in China for over 2,000 years as a tonic for the lungs and spleen, and to strengthen and nourish the blood and balance metabolic function.

Historically, codonopsis is thought to have properties similar to ginseng. The Chinese name for codonopsis, dangshen, indicated that it was ginseng from the Shandang region; shen is the key term to describe ginseng or a ginseng-like herb. Like ginseng, codonopsis is referred to as an adaptogen, a substance that non-specifically enhances and regulates the body's ability to withstand stress. Adaptogens increase the body's general performance in ways that help the whole body resist disease. Codonopsis is thought to benefit the entire body by boosting strength, increasing stamina and alertness, rejuvenating the body, strengthening the immune system, aiding recovery from chronic illness, reducing stress, and stimulating the appetite.

At this time, there is insufficient high quality evidence in humans to support the use of codonopsis for any indication.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Anorexia, anoxic brain injury, antioxidant, appetite stimulant, ascites (fluid in the abdomen), asthma, blood circulation, brain damage, cancer, chronic diarrhea, coagulation disorders, contraception, cough, diabetes, dyspnea (difficulty breathing), endurance, gastric cancer, gastric ulcers, HIV, hypertension (high blood pressure), immune function, kidney disorders, liver damage, lowered blood cell counts, memory, metabolic enhancement, motility disorders, myocardial injury, nerve regeneration, obesity, palpitations, senility, solar ultra-violet protection, stress, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), thyroid disorders, tonic, uterus contraction, vomiting, weight gain.

Dosing

Adults (18 years and older):

There is no proven safe or effective dose for adults. Traditionally, 3-9 grams of codonopsis decoction has been used; some conditions may require dosages up to 30 grams per day.

Children (younger than 18 years):

There is no proven safe or effective dose for children.

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