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Calamus (Acorus calamus L.)

Generic Name: Acorus calamus

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Acoraceae (family), acorenone, Acori graminei rhizoma, acorone, Acorus calamus L., Acorus calamus L. essential oils, Acorus calamus Linn. var. angustatus Bess, Acorus calamus var. angustatus Bess, Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton, Acorus gramineus Soland, Acorus tatarinowii, Acorus tatarinowii Schott, alkaloids, Araceae (family), aromatic calamus, asarone, bach, bicyclogermacrene, bornyl acetate, calamendiol, calamenone, Calamus aromaticus, calamus rhizome, calarene, camphene, camphor, caryophyllene, cedrol, changpo, changpo oil, cinnamon sedge, flagroot, flavonoids, germacrene A, gladdon, grass myrtle, gums, kamseh-chang, khusiol, lectins, limonene, linalool, lin-ne, methyl linoleate, mucilage, myrcene, myrtle flag, myrtle sedge, phenols, prezizaene, quinone, rat root, rattan palm, Romanian Acorus calamus L., sabinene, saponins, shi chang pu, shuichangpu, squamulosone, sweet calamus, sweet cane, sweet flag, sweet grass, sweet myrtle, sweet root, sweet rush, sweet sedge, sweetflag, sweetflag oil, tannins, terpinolene, torilenol, triterpenes, ugragandha, vacha, vaj, vekhand.

Background

Acorus calamus L. (family Araceae/Acoraceae) has long, narrow leaves and an aromatic rootstock. It is similar to the iris in appearance and can be found in moist habitats such as the banks of ponds or streams and swamps in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Traditional medicine includes use of the rhizome and the herb's main traditional uses include therapy for colic, dyspepsia (upset stomach), and flatulence (gas). In Ayurveda there is major use of calamus for diseases of the kidney and liver, eczema, rheumatism, and enhancement of memory. Currently, traditional uses lack substantiation in the available medical literature. Vomiting was the primary toxicity reported following use of the root for assumed production of euphoria.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Anti-aging, antibacterial, anticonvulsive, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antispasmodic, anxiety (neurosis), aphrodisiac, arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), blood flow disorders (ischemia), brighten dreams, bronchitis, cancer, cognitive improvement (old age), colic, convulsions, cough, depression, depression (melancholia), diabetes, diarrhea, digestive, drug addiction (nicotine), epilepsy, fever (remittent), flavoring (tea), general health maintenance, gout (foot inflammation), heavy metal/lead toxicity (nickel), hemorrhoids, hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), hysteria, immunomodulation, indigestion, inflammation, inflammation (alveolitis), insect repellant, insecticide, insomnia, learning, memory improvement (old age), memory loss, mental disorders, myiasis (infestation of tissue by fly larvae), neural protective, neuropathy (numbness), sedation, sedative, skin diseases, sleep aid, spasmolytic (for spasms), stress reduction, systemic sclerosis (chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen), tranquilizer, tuberculosis (bacterial infection of the lungs), tumors, ulcer, vitality problems.

Dosing

Adults (over 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for calamus.

Children (under 18 years old)

There is no proven safe or effective dose for calamus in children.

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