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Black mulberry (Morus nigra)

Generic Name: Morus nigra

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

American mulberry, anthocyanins, ash, black mulberry bark, chalcone dimethylallyltransferase, dihydromorin, hydroalcoholic polyphenolic chalcone dimethylallyltransferase, hydroxyresveratrol, Indian mulberry, isoquercitrin, isocordoin, isoquercitrin, lectin, malic acids, meshimakobu (Japanese), Moraceae (family), morin, Morinda tinctoria, Morniga G, Morniga M, morusin, Morus alba, Morus indica, Morus nigra, Morus nigra agglutinin, Morus nigra fruit, Morus nigra root bark, Morus rubra, mulberry, oligomannosyl residues, Phellinus linteus, prenylflavonoid, P-sitosterol, purple mulberry, quercitrin, red mulberry, sanggenol F, sanggenol H, sang-hwang (Korean), san-pai-p'I (Indian), tartaric acid, ursolic acid, white mulberry.

Note: This monograph focuses on black mulberry (Morus nigra), but due to the lack of information on this species, some related species information has been included.

Background

Mulberry is native to China and became naturalized and hybridized in Europe and America centuries ago. Indian mulberry (Morinda tinctoria) is reportedly used by the African aborigines medicinally, but there is no reliable evidence of its therapeutic value. In India, the root-bark of Morus alba, known locally as san-pai-p'i, is used as a diuretic (increasing urine flow) and expectorant (an agent that increases bronchial secretions and facilitates their expulsion through coughing, spitting or sneezing).

Herbalists have used mulberry fruit for oral infections. The bark of Morus nigra is also a reputed anthelmintic (medication) for tape worms.

At present, black mulberry (Morus nigra) is most commonly used for its antioxidant properties. It is also popularly used in the preparation of flavored syrup used in medicine and as a laxative in the treatment of constipation. Black mulberry has been indicated for a variety of other conditions, though all indications lack sufficient scientific data supporting their safety and efficacy at this time. Further research in these areas is warranted before firm conclusions can be drawn.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Analgesic, anthelmintic (expels parasitic worms), antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antitussive (suppresses cough), asthma, astringent, bronchitis, cancer, colds, cosmetic, diabetes, diaphoretic (promotes sweating), diuretic (increases urine flow), edema (swelling), expectorant (expels phlegm), eye infections, flavoring, food uses, hair tonic (premature graying), hypertension (high blood pressure), influenza, kidney function, laxative, liver disorders, lymphatic disorders (elephantiasis), mouth and throat inflammation, nosebleeds, ophthalmologic uses, pulmonary conditions, rheumatism, sedative, skin care (emollient), sore throat, spleen disorders, tetanus, tinnitus, tonic, toothache, urinary incontinence.

Dosing

Adults (18 years and older)

Based on the available scientific evidence, there is no proven safe or effective dose. Traditionally, 2-4 milliliters of mulberry syrup or 4.5-15 grams of powder or decoction has been used.

Children (younger than 18 years)

There is not enough scientific evidence to safely recommend the use of black mulberry in children.

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