Transverse cervical artery

The transverse cervical artery is one of three blood vessels that extend from the thyrocervical trunk, a larger artery located in the neck. It is also known as the transversa colli artery. This artery is located above the suprascapular artery, another blood vessel that forms the thyrocervical trunk. It laterally crosses the omohyoid muscle in the neck and ends at the part of the trapezius muscle found in the neck and near the scapula. Below the trapezius muscle, the transverse cervical artery divides into two separate blood vessels referred to as the superficial cervical artery and the dorsal scapular artery. These arteries combined supply blood to the neck and scapula, two triangular-shaped bones located on both sides of the shoulder. Cancer of the head and neck may require reconstruction of these areas through the mouth. The transverse cervical artery is often used to supply and receive blood flow to and from reconstructed portions of the mouth if the appropriate blood vessels cannot be salvaged. Repairing intraoral defects, or malformations within the mouth, may also necessitate surgery and extension of the transverse cervical artery for blood supply.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Transverse cervical artery

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