The spermatic cord is a bundle of fibers and tissues that form a cord-like structure that runs through the abdominal region down to the testicles in males. This cord is present in a pair, with one cord connecting with one testicle. It performs multiple functions in males, including the primary function of facilitating the passage for semen. Problems with the functioning of this cord can result in pain in the pelvis and impotence. In anatomical terms, the cord is usually referred to as the vas deferens. However, the vas deferens is just a part of its anatomy, and this cord also performs the additional role of supplying blood to the testicles. The cord is enveloped by fibrous tissue to prevent it from the risk of injury and trauma, but it is still delicate enough to be vulnerable to the torsion of testicles. Apart from testicular torsion, the spermatic cord is also prone to the risks of herniation. A hernia can impinge upon the cord, resulting in its malfunctioning. Surgical treatment may be necessary to correct this condition.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Spermatic cord