Saphenous branch descending genicular artery

The saphenous branch descending genicular artery refers respectively to one of the femoral artery's major branches, before it passes through the adductor magnus's tendon opening. The term genicular is from the Latin word geniculatus, which means bent like a knee. The saphenous branch descending genicular artery specifically refers to a tendon that passes medially below the joint of the knee. In the process, the saphenous branch descending genicular artery accompanies the saphenous nerve, another branch of the femoral nerve, to supply blood to the leg and foot's inner cutaneous aspects. The saphenous branch descending genicular artery pierces through the adductor canal's aponeurotic covering. It travels between the gracilis and the sartorius before it pierces the fascia lata, at which it distributes itself to the leg's upper and medial integuments. Here, the saphenous branch descending genicular artery anastomoses with the medial inferior genicular artery.

Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Saphenous branch descending genicular artery

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