Posterior cecal vein

The posterior cecal artery is a part of the ileocolic artery. Veins are part of the circulatory system and function with arteries to transport blood to and from the heart. Veins transport blood in need of oxygen to the heart. Once the heart oxygenates the blood, the arteries carry the blood back into the body. The posterior cecal vein is located around the cecum, which connects the large intestine and colon. The ileocolic artery is a larger artery and part of the superior mesenteric artery. The artery carries oxygenated blood to the appendix, cecum, and ileum. The ileum is found at the end of the small intestine. The two cecal veins are located on either side of the cecum. The anterior vein is found on the front side, while the posterior cecal vein is located on the back side. The vein carries blood in need of oxygen from the cecum to the heart. The ileocolic artery pushes the blood back to the cecum, once the heart oxygenates the blood.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Posterior cecal vein

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