Posterior cecal artery
The posterior cecal artery is located in the abdomen near the lower intestines, and branches from the ileocolic artery may branch further to the appendicular artery. The ileocolic artery supplies blood to the cecum, appendix, and terminal portion of the ileum. The posterior cecal artery is responsible for supplying blood to posterior surface of the cecum, which is the beginning of the large intestine. The appendix is also attached to this area known as the cecum. If an individual experiences arterial blockage in this artery, it can cause blood to flow slowly or not at all to this portion of the intestines. If the artery becomes completely blocked, cell death may begin to occur to the areas that are no longer receiving oxygen. This can interfere with the functions of the intestine, which are to remove waste products from the body and absorb water from digested food. If this problem arises, and the posterior cecal artery and further branches that it supplies are unable to supply oxygen to the cells, surgery may be necessary to correct or bypass the blocked area.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Posterior cecal artery