The ovarian artery is unique to female anatomy, as it is part of a woman's reproductive system. The blood vessel relays oxygenated blood to the ovaries. The vessel branches off of the abdominal aorta, and it remains completely located within the abdominal cavity as a whole. The artery shoots off into several different branches, including the tubal branches to the Fallopian tube. The artery also possesses a branch to the round ligament, as well as a branch to the fundus, where the ovarian artery joins with the uterine artery. The artery has a venal counterpart in the similarly named ovarian vein. Once the ovaries depletes oxygen from its blood supply, it drains into the ovarian vein. This venal blood vessel has left and right varieties, and they are not symmetrically structured. The right ovarian drains to the inferior vena cava, while the left flows into the left renal vein. All deoxygenated blood eventually returns to the lungs and the heart.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Ovarian artery