The occipital lobe is located at the back of the skull behind the parietal and temporal lobes.
One of the most important parts of this lobe is the primary visual cortex, a region of the brain that receives input from the retina of the eye. There, the mind interprets color and other important parts of vision.
The occipital lobe contains different areas pertaining to visual communication. One area is where visual images of language are received (the visual receiving area) and another is where it’s interpreted (visual association area). It is essentially important for reading and comprehending what is being read. For example, you can see the words of another language, but unless you understand that language, you will only use the visual receiving area.
Damage to the occipital lobe can create visual impairments and other visual-related problems.