The occipital lobe is located at the rear portion of the skull, behind the parietal and temporal lobes.
One of the most important parts of this lobe is the primary visual cortex, a region of the brain that receives input from the retina of the eye. This is where the mind interprets color and other important aspects of vision.
The occipital lobe contains different areas pertaining to visual communication. One area is where visual images of language are received (the visual receiving area) and another is where it is interpreted (visual association area). It is critically important for reading and reading comprehension. For example, you can see the words of another language, but unless you understand that language, you will only use the visual receiving area.
Damage to the occipital lobe can is likely to result in visual impairments and other vision-related problems.