Medial patellar ligament
Patellar instability is commonly referred to as an issue by orthopedic surgeons. The medial patellar ligament can be the cause of these issues due to rupturing, and may be treated with nonoperative management in the beginning. There are medial patellofemoral ligament procedures, also known as medial patellar ligament procedures, which can be completed to treat patellar instability. Surgeries often require the realignment of the patella. The medial patellar ligament consists of transverse fibers. These fibers attach and run from the superficial medial collateral ligament toward the patella bone. The medial patellar ligament originates at the medial epicondyle and medial collateral ligament, also referred to as MCL. The medial patellar ligament is located in the second layer of the knee. When the medial patellar ligament ruptures, it is typically caused by the lateral dislocation of the patella. The ligament ruptures at the femoral origin in most cases. This will be diagnosed if the medial patellar ligament has pain and tenderness near the medial retinaculum.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Medial patellar ligament