The maxillary artery is a very large artery that runs alongside the face. It has several branches and goes along many parts of the the face and reaches down to the neck. It goes up to the side of the brain and has another branch that reaches almost to the eye socket. This artery is made up of many branches that end up almost over the entire face. The branches of this artery there are located within three divisions where there are five branches to each division. The mandibular division leads down to the mandible and runs along a lot of the teeth. It also runs to the meninges. The pterygoid division runs to some of the muscle groups in the face and contains the temporal arteries. The pterygopalatine division contains all of the terminal branches of the arteries including the one the runs to the pharynx and the nose. The maxillary artery is an extremely large artery that reaches most of the important areas of the face including the mouth, teeth, nose, muscles and more. It has an enormous number of branches that carry blood to the majority of the face.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Maxillary artery