Male Genitalia

The male genital system consists of both external and internal parts. The external male genitalia include the penis, urethra, and scrotum. The internal male genitalia include the seminal vesicle, testes, vas deferens, epididymis, prostate, bulbourethral gland, and ejaculatory duct.

The penis is the main part of external male genitalia, which has both sexual and bodily functions. It is able to ejaculate semen (containing sperm) during sex and to relieve the body of urine. The urethra transports the urine from the bladder, out of the male body. Semen also travels through the urethra.

Each male has two scrotal pouches, which house certain parts of the internal male genitalia (epididymis, testes, and lower spermatic cords). The testes are the most important part of internal male genitalia because they make and store sperm, as well as supply the male body with hormones, which control the development of male characteristics and reproductive organs.

The epididymis stores, matures, and transports sperm between the testes and the vas deferens, which channels sperm toward the urethra. The seminal vesicles are adjacent to the urethra and secrete a milky fluid that is ultimately discharged through the ejaculatory duct. The bulbourethral glands also assist in the discharge of semen.

Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Male Genitalia

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