Lateral inferior genicular artery

The lateral inferior genicular artery is located in the lower leg of the human body near the knee, and branches from the popliteal artery. This artery supplies blood to the lateral aspect of the knee. Its name is derived from the fact that it wraps laterally around the fibula, which is the smaller of the two bones of the lower leg. It is a terminal artery, meaning that no named branches are supplied from it. There are several problems that can be experienced in this artery. If a blockage occurs, it can cause poor blood circulation to the area of the knee. If the artery experiences complete blockage, the cells in this joint may begin to die because they are no longer receiving oxygen. Because sports injuries are so common around the knee, there can be physical damage to the arteries and tendons. If these problems occur, and the lateral inferior genicular artery is damaged, surgery may be required to repair the affected area.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Lateral inferior genicular artery

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