Ileal branch of the ileocolic artery
The ileal branch of the ileocolic artery is one of five branches that exist in the ileocolic artery. The ileocolic artery arises from the superior mesenteric artery's concavity and is the lowest branch to do so. The superior mesenteric artery comes from the abdominal aorta's anterior surface, just below the beginning of the celiac trunk. The colon is supplied from the duodenum's lower part, the pancreas and through two-thirds of the longest portion of the colon (the transverse colon). After the ileocolic artery comes from the superior mesenteric artery, it crosses downwards towards the right iliac fossa, directly behind the peritoneum. The peritoneum helps to form the lining of the abdominal cavity. The ileal branch of the ileocolic artery runs to the left and upwards on the ileum's lower portion and connects with the end of the superior mesenteric artery. The other branches of the ileocolic artery include the colic branch, the iliocecal, the anterior and posterior cecal and the appendicular artery.
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In Depth: Ileal branch of the ileocolic artery