Flexor hallucis longus

The flexor hallucis longus muscle is one of three deep muscles found in the lower back regions of the leg. Specifically, the muscle spans part of the calf. It is the largest and strongest deep muscle of the leg's posterior section. The muscle originates from just below the middle of the fibula, or calf bone, nearest the back of the leg. It then extends down the calf, to the side of the ankle, and into the foot. The muscle reaches all the way to the bone at the tip of the large toe known as the distal phalanx. The tibial nerve provides the muscle with nerve endings. With the flexor hallucis longus muscle, an individual can flex his or her great toe. It also allows the ankle minimal help in pointing the foot to a downward position, an action known as plantar flexion. The flexor hallucis longus muscle aids the foot in turning to one side so that the sole is facing inward. The group of blood vessels that direct blood flow to the calf muscle is the peronial artery and the posterial branch of the tibial artery.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Flexor hallucis longus

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