The facial vein, also referred to as the anterior vein of the face, begins from the angular vein at the bottom of the nose. At the place of its origin lies a nasal branch. Unlike the facial artery, which is in close proximity, its path does not wind as intricately throughout the face. The anterior vein runs a path down and backward through the face. It passes under the zygomaticus and follows the anterior border of the quadratus labii superioris. It continues alongside the masseter, crossing over the mandible and passing behind the platysma. Before reaching its connecting veins, the anterior vein passes the stylohyoideus and digastricus muscles. An external vein of the palatine supplies blood to the anterior vein. This blood drains into both the jugular vein inside the neck and the anterior region of the retromandibular vein. Unlike other superficial veins, the anterior vein is not flaccid and contains no valves. The anterior vein sometimes combines with the posterior vein to create a common facial vein. However, this formation does not occur in all individuals.
Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
In Depth: Facial vein