Anterior deep temporal artery

In the human body there are two deep temporal arteries. These arteries are called the posterior and anterior deep temporal arteries. The anterior deep temporal artery and its partner are located between the pericranium and temporalis. The two deep temporal arteries anastomose with the middle temporal artery, and together supply muscles with blood. The anterior deep temporal artery has small branches that perforate the zygomatic bone, communicating with the lacrimal artery. The great wing of the sphenoid is also perforated by the anterior deep temporal artery. The anterior deep temporal artery is a branch of the maxillary artery, which is part of the cardiovascular system. The Anterior deep temporal artery may be separate from the other arteries such as the posterior deep temporal artery, or can be combined, forming a trunk from the maxillary artery. The middle temporal artery will always be separate; however the anterior deep temporal artery and its posterior partner may be combined with the blood supply of other arteries in the head.

Written and medically reviewed by the Healthline Editorial Team
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In Depth: Anterior deep temporal artery

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