The Risks of Smoking and Alcoholic Drinks Video

Learn about the risks of smoking and drinking alcohol at an early age. Find out about postmenopausal women also in this medical report.
Read the full transcript »

Dr. Susan Sharma: This is Insidermedicine in 60. From Florida - Those who smoke and drink heavily develop Alzheimer's disease at a younger age. Researchers evaluated nearly 1000 patients with Alzheimer's to determine if smoking, drinking and the presence of a variant of the APOE gene influenced the age of Alzheimer's presentation. Those who had all three risk factors developed Alzheimer's disease 8.5 years earlier than those with none. From Bethesda - In a study that followed over 180,000 postmenopausal women for an average of seven years, those who drank 1-2 small drinks per day were 32 percent more likely to develop a hormone-sensitive breast tumor. Those who drank three or more drinks had a 51% increased risk. The risk was noted regardless of whether a woman's preference was for beer, wine, or hard liquor. Finally from California - Mutations in genes that govern our ability to break down alcohol may also influence the development of breast cancer. In a study in which nearly 1,000 women with breast cancer were compared to nearly 1,700 without, those with variations in two genes that code for enzymes that metabolize alcohol had a 2-fold higher risk for breast cancer. For Insidermedicine in 60, I am Dr. Susan Sharma.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement