Meet Dr. Allen Utke of the Department of Chemistry at University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, who studies atoms. Part 4/4.
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Another crucial element, the very pillar of life is actually not an element at all but a perriver of a spawned together in a special molecule. Scientist know it is H2o, their notation for 2 hydrogen atoms linked to one atom of oxygen. Most people however just call it water, like carbon atoms, water molecules are full of life supporting surprises. Dr. Utke: A water molecule, because of the predetermined geometry of the oxygen atom has a shape that’s looks like this and the shapes is about a 104.5 degrees between the hydrogen oxygen and hydrogen. However, because of a different predetermined geometry in the carbon atom, carbon dioxide is linear. Now, you might say, well what's the difference, what difference does it makes? And the answer is all the difference in the universe. If water didn’t have a structure of a 104.5 degrees exactly and carbon dioxide didn’t have a structure of 180 degrees exactly, we wouldn’t be here. So now, we’re beginning to get down to the idea that maybe in terms of electron atoms are finely tuned in terms of geometry and mathematics. You might ask, why is that the case? Why would that be the case. And if we think backwards, because the universe is expanding and we simply contract to everything in the universe back to an origin, we come up with what many scientists now recalling the Big Bang. The whole thing apparently started with a small—probably smaller than this ball of incredibly dense heat and light. Male Host: No one really knows how big or if there is a bang either, what scientist do know is that it was an event so large, it affected all the things we know today. Dr. Utke: The laws that under cured and support the kinds of things that we’ve been talking about here were formed within the first second or far less of the origin of the universe. And now the question becomes why? And then in my own mind and many other people, people thinking about it as well, there are two explanations for that. One thing is that everything that we now enjoy in the universe which is all interrelated in a finely tuned way in a particularly matter, just arose by coincidence and accidents. The other idea is that it couldn’t have arisen that way. Everything is just too finely tuned to ever risen by accident. Now, there's no way at this point, that we can prove either idea in human history, no way at this point in human history either ideas. You can’t even test really even idea wit experiments. We can't falsify either idea, so as far as I'm concerned it's as logical to believe that there's a force called in God, if you wish, behind all of science as it is to say that it's just all by coincidence and accident. The evidence for a God, at least in my own mind then is mounting. The evidence for the universe being just simply an accident, full of coincidence is not growing. I believe that you can take science and you can show the creativity of the God concept, or the creativity of God. And I believe that’s a very, very important thing that is happening today. I believe that science can strengthen the God concept today, broaden the God concept today, and I think that’s exactly what’s happening. There are many, many things we still don’t know about the universe. And I think as we continue to find those things out. I think we’re going to see more and more evidence of a fine tuning and a universe that can be used to argue for the existence of God. Laura Wells: The string of interconnected marbles, we call existence is indeed a finally woven tapestry. As our exploration of atoms and molecules has shown the most random, everyday things can on closer approach reveal an incredible orderliness and purpose. Wherever one looks from the vastness of space, the minute corners of a living soul, heresies finds the same laws holding the universe together. The question becomes is there a one behind the oneness? There are many ways to explore the wonders of the universe, many pads on the search for answers life questions.