Learn about the required qualifications of the astronauts for the Mercury capsule training.
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The Mercury Crew Astronaut Training In 1959, despite the heroics and grand plans, the reality of space was still largely unknown of the people of Fledgling Space Program. From exhausting testing, often testing for things they were not even sure existed; seven men were chosen for America’s first foray into man’s space exploration, The Mercury Project. To explore his world, man has always risked the unknown because it is unknown and it is man’s nature to know. The problem of selecting pilots was approached from uncompromising hard scientific view point. For all the active pilots and all the branches of the Armed Forces, the service records of 473 test pilots were selected for review. 110 met the basic qualifications. The successful candidates were put through a barrage of test, not just the normal diagnostic test because as Military pilots these men were regularly check but also arrange if dynamic test were designed to see how they operate under stress both physical and mental. A complete profile of each pilot’s physiology was met so that it could be compared by Telemetry from capsule to earth should they be on board by the Mercury capsules. This microscopic approach gave the grand crew base line information to compare against later flight data. This project Mercury candidate is preparing for stress, the weight of 8 gravities will be thrust upon him as he rides the centrifuge. His reactions are studied and analyzed to see how he fared under multiple gravity forces. After many tests, seven remained and they began the real training. They wanted to know all the answers and prepare as well as they could for any eventuality, all of these to make astronauts what they really are.
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