Risks Factors for Thyroid Cancer Video

Learn about risks factors for Thyroid Cancer. Shawn Ciecko MD -Otolaryngologist, Medical School at University of Buffalo, Resident in Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the Duke University Medical Center, ENTandAllergy Associate.
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Interviewer: Perhaps first in practice, a lot of doctors were doing x-rays of the neck and we learned that x-ray exposure can give you a slight increase to get thyroid cancer is that true? Dr. Shawn Ciecko: Correct. Some of them the main risk factor for thyroid cancer when someone comes into my office and says they are concerned about their thyroid, I ask them questions about radiation exposure, particularly low-dose radiation exposure. Often times in the 50s and 60s, people were given radiation for things like acne or for tonsillitis and these low-doses of radiation have predisposed some patients to thyroid cancer. Secondly we ask about family history because we know that like other cancers, cancers of the thyroid gland can trend in family. So these are the main things we think about when we talk about thyroid. Interviewer: Is smoking a risk factor? Dr. Shawn Ciecko: Smoking is a risk factor for a lot of different cancers, however it’s never been directly linked to thyroid cancer but again we know that it carry risks with many other head-neck cancers—tongue cancer, throat cancer and cancer of the lungs obviously. Interviewer: For healthy lifestyle reduces the risk in any situation is that correct? Dr. Shawn Ciecko: Of course yeah. You know the decrease and the carcinogenic load so to speak in the body overall may have indications on things like this that we just can’t test for.

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