Learn how the low birth weight and premature birth may raise the risk for autism in this medical report.
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Dr. Susan Sharma: This is insidermedicine in 60. From Atlanta, according to research published in the journal Pediatrics, low birthweight and premature birth may raise the risk for autism. In a study of 565 children, those with the birthweight below 5.5 pounds had a 2.3-fold increased risk for autism. In addition, while preterm birth earlier than 33 weeks was not linked to an increased risk for boys, it was linked to a five-fold increased risk for girls. From Texas, according to a survey conducted by the American Heart Association, most people lack the confidence to help when a cardiac emergency arises. While 89% of over 1,100 respondents stated that they were willing and able to help if they witness a medical emergency, a mere 21% were confident they could perform CPR and only 15% believed they would be able to use an automated external defibrillator. And finally, from Geneva, the World Health Organization has called for a ban on all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship in order to prevent young people from smoking. Most people who take up smoking do so before the age of 18 and almost a quarter of new smokers are younger than 10 years old. The WHO has accused cigarette manufacturers of using sophisticated marketing techniques directed at children, particularly girls in poorer countries. For insidermedicine in 60, I'm Dr. Susan Sharma.