Lifesaving Tests Video

This medical video focuses on the alarming rate of Americans that are diagnosed with diabetes every day. One hundred twelve Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every hour. That's twenty-seven hundred people a day.
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Jennifer Matthews: Every hour 112 Americans are diagnosed with diabetes. Female Speaker: I was diagnosed April of 2000. Male Speaker: I was diagnosed in September of 1989. Female Speaker: I was diagnosed as diabetic at the age of seven. Jennifer Matthews: Today, 70 million Americans are living with the disease. Richard Jackson: We also think that there's maybe an equal or almost that a larger number of people who have it, but don't know they have it yet. Jennifer Matthews: One disease with many complications. Nerve damage is just one. Richard Jackson: It increases your chance of eye problems, of kidney problems, heart-attacks and strokes. Jennifer Matthews: Dr. Jackson says there are five tests every person with diabetes should have at least once a year. Test one: A Hemoglobin A1C, which reflects a patient's average blood sugar level for the previous three months. Richard Jackson: All the bench research that we do tells us that that's the test that most accurately tells you or you are going to have a higher or lower risk of future problems. Jennifer Matthews: Yet he says many patients have never heard of the test. Test two: Blood pressure. Richard Jackson: Blood pressure, 130 over 80 is the highest, even when people are stressed. Jennifer Matthews: Every 10-point drop in the top number of your reading can mean up to a 14% decrease in complications. Test three: Cholesterol. LDL, or bad cholesterol should be under 100. HDL should be above 45. Triglycerides should be under 200. Test four: A test called Microalbumin, it detects early signs of kidney disease. Test five is an eye exam. Annual exams detect damage early and allow for a vision-saving treatment. Richard Jackson: If they know where they stand in each of those five areas, then they'll know, is it working out? Or gee! I'm not doing so well. Jennifer Matthews: You cannot always rely on doctors. Here's why. A recent survey of family doctors showed although nearly 90% listed the A1C test as important for diabetics, only 24% listed cholesterol as important, and less than 5% listed blood pressure. Richard Jackson: You don't want to say, gee! no one ever told me I should do this. Louis Newman: If you don't take care of yourself, nobody is going to do it for you. Lillie Davis: It's not the end of the world. It's manageable. Iris Larssen: Work with your doctor. It's amazing what you can accomplish when you work together. Jennifer Matthews: Good advice from patients who have been there. This is Jennifer Matthews reporting.

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