This medical video focuses on the alarming rate of Americans that are diagnosed with diabetes every day. One hundred twelve Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every hour. That's twenty-seven hundred people a day.
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Jennifer Matthews: Every hour 112 Americans are diagnosed with diabetes. Female Speaker: I was diagnosed April of 2000. Male Speaker: I was diagnosed in September of 1989. Female Speaker: I was diagnosed as diabetic at the age of seven. Jennifer Matthews: Today, 70 million Americans are living with the disease. Richard Jackson: We also think that there's maybe an equal or almost that a larger number of people who have it, but don't know they have it yet. Jennifer Matthews: One disease with many complications. Nerve damage is just one. Richard Jackson: It increases your chance of eye problems, of kidney problems, heart-attacks and strokes. Jennifer Matthews: Dr. Jackson says there are five tests every person with diabetes should have at least once a year. Test one: A Hemoglobin A1C, which reflects a patient's average blood sugar level for the previous three months. Richard Jackson: All the bench research that we do tells us that that's the test that most accurately tells you or you are going to have a higher or lower risk of future problems. Jennifer Matthews: Yet he says many patients have never heard of the test. Test two: Blood pressure. Richard Jackson: Blood pressure, 130 over 80 is the highest, even when people are stressed. Jennifer Matthews: Every 10-point drop in the top number of your reading can mean up to a 14% decrease in complications. Test three: Cholesterol. LDL, or bad cholesterol should be under 100. HDL should be above 45. Triglycerides should be under 200. Test four: A test called Microalbumin, it detects early signs of kidney disease. Test five is an eye exam. Annual exams detect damage early and allow for a vision-saving treatment. Richard Jackson: If they know where they stand in each of those five areas, then they'll know, is it working out? Or gee! I'm not doing so well. Jennifer Matthews: You cannot always rely on doctors. Here's why. A recent survey of family doctors showed although nearly 90% listed the A1C test as important for diabetics, only 24% listed cholesterol as important, and less than 5% listed blood pressure. Richard Jackson: You don't want to say, gee! no one ever told me I should do this. Louis Newman: If you don't take care of yourself, nobody is going to do it for you. Lillie Davis: It's not the end of the world. It's manageable. Iris Larssen: Work with your doctor. It's amazing what you can accomplish when you work together. Jennifer Matthews: Good advice from patients who have been there. This is Jennifer Matthews reporting.

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