Learn about The Moon in this educational video from dizzo95.
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Male Speaker: After Izanagi, son of the Gods fled from his medium with Izanami, his wife who resided in the depths of hell, he jumped into the ocean to purify himself of hell's defilement and when he bent to wash his right eye, a daughter was born from it. She is tzuki-yomo, the goddess of the moon. The beautiful face of the night, the pale light and the heavens, why does it vanish from our sight each and every month? And why from time to time does it devour the sun, the great light of the day and cause it to vanish from our sight as well. Earth's intimate companion gave human kind a sense of security with regard to the stability of nature's cycles and the proximity of the universe. There it is the moon. Reach out your hand and touch it. Suspended above us, what force keeps it on its path? What is its surface made of? Is it a dry block of Swiss cheese or perhaps an apple like the one that fell on Newton's head hitting him with the brilliant idea of gravitation? The moon, the closest boundary of the infinite Solar System was the first stepping stone in the new journey of exploration of the universe. It was the first celestial body at which Galileo pointed his telescope. Its surface remarked Galileo looking at it in wonder is not smooth and polished but rather rough and coarse and its landscape like that of earth is filled with lofty mountains, deep valleys, and hideous. Do the basis of the moon contain deep oceans? Or its peaks surrounded by fresh mountain hair? Why is the lunar surface scarred and pluck marked. How were its many craters formed and do they change over time like the surface of earth? The desire to reach the moon and bring outer space closer to us compelled scientists to develop and improve technological tools and methods. When at the end of a glorious technological operation, the Apollo astronauts brought back the first lunar rock samples. The moon's composition finally became clear. What can we learn from its internal structure and its origin? What can we learn from the processes taking place beneath its crust? Tests conducted by scientists reveal the age of the lunar rocks to be approximately four and half billion years similar to the estimated age of the sun as well. So, as we touch the materials of our Solar System, we could learn something, the common origin of the substances composing it and at the common feat decreed them by the force of the fiery star at the centre of the Solar System.