Learn about the lunar explorations and the future plan to build a permanent lunar base. Also learn about how components of helium 3 can be used on earth.
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Learn about the Explorations After six visits to the moon, we had learned a lot about the makeup of the moon. It also changed the way we looked at on nearest celestial neighbor. Well the new focus on lunar exploration by several countries, interests has again been revived on setting up a permanent lunar base. It could also be a spring boat for manned emissions to Mars. It is possible that the early lunar settlers will also have to be miners, depending on the success of some researchers. They are looking to a potentially valuable product, helium 3. It could be mined using a large automated vehicle, which would do most of the work of processing the rocks and soil. Helium 3 is a very rare isotope. Just 25 metric tons could provide enough energy to generate all the electricity used in the USA each year. Helium 3 is produced by fusion reactions in the sun and carried through space by the solar wind. Earth’s atmosphere shields us from the solar wind, but it’s been depositing helium 3 on the moon for more than a billion years. Studies indicated the amount of radio activity in a machine like this. Generating energy from helium 3 will be one millionth less than a nucleus systems used today. And no greenhouse gases, acid rain, or solid waste will result. The mining system proposed would not make a big mess of the lunar landscape. Once helium 3 had been boiled off, the untainted rocks and soil are returned to the surface leaving it essentially unblemished. One of the byproducts is expected to be water, something of great value on a very dry lunar colony.