Learn About the International Charter for Space and Major Disaster Video

Learn about how the international space major disaster charter can help local governments to fight major disasters such as wild fires or earthquakes, by using the satellites.
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Learn About the International Charter for Space and Major Disaster When fire, poisonous fumes and molten rock come pouring out of the ground, it’s spectacular but also deadly. It’s the same when summer wildfires rage through parts of Europe or elsewhere. To combat these catastrophes, information is essential. Discovering the size of a disaster means the best way can be found advantage. That’s why the International Space and Major Disasters charter comes in. With a catastrophe threatening as for example with these wildfires in Portugal, the local civil authorities send a fax calling for help under the charter. The fax arrives in Frascati near Rome where the European space agency has centralized its operations for observations from space. First there’s a check to make sure the fax has come from someone who is authorized to ask when they help. This charter has been involved more than 70 times since October 2000 but it was but it was first organized by ESA and the space agencies of France and Canada. It now includes the US, India, Argentina and Japan and the UN as an important cooperating body. Once the operating checks have been completed, the fax is passed on tot eh emergency on call officer. On this occasion, it’s Simon Paolini. He immediately checks which satellites would be able to track the progress of the fires in Portugal. The spot orbiter can see the ground only in the right weather conditions but radar satellites like PRS2 have special senses which mean they can operate all the time. Reacting swiftly to request for help is important. The most advanced satellite in the site has 10 separate different onboard sensors which makes it one of the most effective for the European space agency and the kind of word it carried out under the International Space and Major Disasters Charter. The information it received is processed to make it most helpful to wherever originally asked for assistance under the charter. Oil pollution from shipwrecked oil tankers is one area where it is particularly affected. Thanks to satellite images tracking the spillages in real time anti pollution measures could be put in place quickly. The system works well with upper types of natural disasters as well at a new generations of satellites provide data regardless of such factors as clouds and smoke. That means they can quickly give precise information on the state of roads and buildings after an earthquake. Even in the most isolated locations. This is essential in order to know the base ways to send in help. At eh satellite monitoring offices in Frascati, activation of the charter also use access to extensive archives. This enables them to make exact comparisons with the previous images from the satellites. The archives which go back to 1991 contain all the information of the observations satellites of the ESA have gathered. They are kept to allow comparisons of places before and after a disaster. Overall, the system works well but it could be better. Man’s fragility in the face of forces of nature is undeniable but at least this way we are making progress with being able to reduce the effects of major catastrophes.

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