Learn about the goal of the Faith 7 mission. Also learn about the Piccard brothers and their designs.
Read the full transcript »
Learn About the Faith 7 Mission and the Piccard Brothers Its 1963, launching from Cape Canaveral Faith 7 was the fourth American man orbital flight. It's primary objective was to confirm how well man can function in space during a day and a half of weightlessness and to test the efficiency of a human being as a primary component of a space flight system. Air force major and NASA astronaut Leroy Gordon Cooper Junior named the Flight Faith 7 for his faith and his friends. Cooper began flying at the age 16, he was a jet pilot at 22, and he also gained a degree in astronautical engineering and began the methodical and dangerous job as a test pilot. The demands of being an astronaut were now beyond even to the demands of being a super sonic test pilot. Huge knowledge and training was required, as an astronaut Cooper had to get used to weightlessness, a condition that at the time can only be maintained for very short periods. He underwent hours of training on centrifuge experiencing the effects of sleep acceleration, learning special breathing techniques to help you function during the crushing forces of lift off and reentry. He learned first hand the sensations of being in a tumbling spacecraft and practices the ability to control the craft under a variety of conditions. Astronaut Cooper flew dozens of missions, spent hours familiarizing himself with the components of his craft and mostly honing his skills. He learned operational procedures and emergency techniques. He became more acquainted with his mercury space craft than he did his home and he was trained to survive wherever the spacecraft came down. Special equipment was developed to monitor the astronauts physical state at all times in the flight. Equipment measured temperature both of the astronaut and his suite. Heart beat and respiration rates were monitored with special gauges attached to the torso and other the arms of Cooper. Special microphones were attached to his arm on the brachial artery to monitor his blood pressure. The electrical output of the microphone and other gauges would fit into a single delivery unit and changed into electrical signals. This was then transmitted by radio to doctors on earth. Repeated use of this exercise during the flight was also programmed to yield additional cardio vascular data on exertion while weightless. The flexibility of his hands and arms are possible during normal flight since his suite is not normally pressurized. The atmosphere within his cabin is maintained at a life supporting pressure. In an emergency in the cabin his suite will be immediately re-pressurized to protect the astronaut. The suite is thoroughly checked just before launch. When Cooper lift the preparation area to board the transfer van to take into the launch entry, he knew that his spacecraft had also been given a thorough examination in preparation for the flight. Many changes have been made from previous mercury spacecraft to outfit Faith 7 for this mission. The 95 foot space vehicle consist of a reliable three engine Atlas booster and sustainer the spacecraft and the escape tower. Rescue crews were stationed to strategic points along his path in case of emergency landing before the completion of the scheduled 22 orbits of the earth. The man, the spacecraft, and all the support teams must check out 100% before lift off. Any problem causes a delay until rectified and given the old clear. There is no room for error when a man is launched into the void of space. Two brothers from the family made the very first man flight in 1783; it consisted of a five mile flight in the streets of Paris. Another pair of brothers famously developed the full runner of today’s pressurized spacecraft in 1934. These famous brothers were Auguste and Jean Piccard. The brothers designed and invented a bath escape which contained a pressurized cabin and an artificial atmosphere for use in deep sea research. It was the first in the invention of its kind. The flights completed by the Pi
Copyright © 2005 - 2015 Healthline Networks, Inc. All rights reserved for Healthline.