Learn about the Different Vitamins in this educational video from dizzo95.
Read the full transcript »
About 15 highly complicated organic compounds are needed by the body in minute amounts to keep it in good repair. These compounds are called vitamins and are usually known by the letters given to them at the time of their discovery. The different vitamins have a variety of different effects and not all of their roles are understood. Many vitamins are found nearly all foods and they are in general so ubiquitous that anyone eating a vary diet is never likely to run out. Vitamins include vitamin A, which is important for correct vision and protects the skin and mucous membranes. It is found in liver, fish, eggs, butter and carrots. Vitamin A is necessary for growth in childhood. Vitamin B1 is found in flour and other cereals, potatoes, meat and milk. Vitamin B1 plays a role in carbohydrate metabolism. Vitamin B2 acts as a coenzyme in the energy production pathway. It is an essential vitamin for growth in childhood and like Vitamin A maintains the skin and mucus membranes. Vitamin B2 is found in milk, meat and eggs. Nicotinic acid which is found in vegetables, fish, flour, cereal and milk also act as a coenzyme in the energy production pathway. This vitamin is needed to maintain the skin, mucus membranes and lining of the alimentary tract. Folic acid’s function is the synthesis of nucleic acids and therefore is essential to the formation of new cells and the formation of red blood cells. Folic acid is found in green vegetables and liver. Vitamin B12 has a general function in the metabolic processes and the synthesis of nucleic acids. It also aids in the formation of red blood cells. B12 is found in liver, fish, milk and eggs. Vitamin C or ascorbic acid found in green vegetables, potatoes and fruit aides in the production of substances between cells and is therefore necessary for growth and repair. It is also necessary for the production of steroid hormones. Vitamin D aides in the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, and the formation and maintenance of bone. Vitamin D is found in fish, margarine and dairy products and sunlight on the skin. Vitamin E plays a role in cellular respiration in the mitochondria. It also aides in nucleic acid metabolism. Vitamin E is found in vegetables, cereals, margarine and butter, eggs, meat and fish. Vitamin K found in Popeye’s favorite food, spinach, is necessary for normal blood clotting. Essential fatty acids found primarily in cereals, vegetables, lean meat, fish, eggs and milk are the precursors of prostaglandins and are components of cell membranes.