Daphne Joseph, a registered nurse with more than two decades experience dealing with AIDS and other STIs, discusses HPV.
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Daphne Joseph: It is the Human Papillomavirus and it can cause -- there are actually about 100 different types of HPV. The ones that we are mostly concerned with or we see more of is the -- for warts, it causes warts in the genital area male and female and can also cause them in the rectal area and then it also -- a certain type can cause cervical cancer in women and the new vaccine has come out that you mentioned Gardasil that can be given and is effective against four this types of HPV. The most common though is cervical cancer and the warts, it can prevent those. It is the best I think to be given in young adolescent women and believe the recommendations have just come out to go on and vaccinate women up to 26 years of age if they haven't been vaccinated previously. The warts can subside -- some people don't even see the warts, they may not manifest on the outside of the body. That can on the like the rectal wall. Yes, it is always there, you may not have active outbreak but it does stick around forever and you can infect other people with it through sexual contact even if you don't have warts.