This short video gives an explanation of HIV, how it relates to AIDS, and dispels some misconceptions about contracting the virus.
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Learn About HIV and AIDS Hi, I am Josh, medical correspondent and today we will be discussing HIV and AIDS. HIV is a virus that you got which ultimately will cause AIDS. You can carry the HIV virus which is known as bring HIV positive. They get, not exhibit any of the symptoms of AIDS. However, in both of these situations whether having AIDS and being HIV positive, you cans till pass the HIV virus on to others through unprotected sex and through shared needles, the syringes. It is important to note though that HIV virus is a blood-borne virus, meaning that you cannot give it to someone through the saliva, physical contact or through breathing. So AIDS and HIV are related by how? HIV is a virus that ones you become infected sits inside your white blood cells which are cells of the immune system and then when these immune cells get activated, they multiply and as they do this, they release viral particles into the bloodstream. These viral particles will then infect other white blood cells and then ultimately what happens is at the end of this cascades, you have so many of your white blood cells infected with virus that they cannot work to give you an immune response against an illness or a disease. And at this point you have AIDS. In addition, to not being able to mount the proper immune response you will also have symptoms such as fevers, chills, sweats, and weight loss. So in short HIV and AIDS are related but a little bit different. HIV is the virus and AIDS is the compromised immune system that results from HIV. So in order to protect yourself form AIDS, make sure that all your sexual encounters are protected and then whenever you are using a needle or syringe ensure that it is clean, fresh, and sterile.

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