In this video we discuss how to make your own organic garden, and about garden and container location.
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Hi! I am Tim MacWelch of Earth Connection School of Wilderness Survival and Ancient Skills near Fredericksburg Virginia. This is our video series on Organic Gardening. In this clip we're going to talk about garden location and container location. Now, let's say you've a little bit of land, maybe just a small backyard or maybe you've have got a couple of acres. You want to pick the best soil for gardening on your property, and you want to consider the best soil with the best sunlight. Sunlight is such an important part to gardening. We need over 12 hours of direct sunlight every single day for our crops and vegetables and flowers and plants to do well. Now, when the sun rises, we might want to see when it first pops over the trees or the buildings or whatever, mountains might be in the way. And then we time it, and we see how much sunlight we have before sunset and if we're in a spot where maybe the trees are low enough, or its open ground and we do get that 12 hours or better of sunlight from lets say, May up until August or September, then that's a good spot as far as the light is concerned. We can go to our counties offices which deal with soil science and pull up a soil map for our property, and find out what type of soil we have. There are literally dozens of different types of soil, and we can see what we might have in different places on our property. The most ideal soil is going to be loam. Loam contains many different components; sand, silt, organic matter, air space, and lots of minerals. So if we can find a spot with loamy soil and 12 hours of sunlight, that's the best choice. Now where we place our garden beds in relation to that sunlight is important. If we have long beds like I recommend we want to place them on a North South Axis. So get out your compass and see which way is North, South, East, West. And if our long beds run from North to South, this will allow the sunrise, which is easterly, to come up and the sunlight hits our plants from the east, then in midday the sun is slightly to the South and its bathing the entire garden. And then as the sun starts to set in the afternoon, and head West, the light is hitting the other side of our plants. So the plants don't really have a chance to get blocked out by their own shadows. If we plant our tallest plants and even small tress in the North end of our garden, then their shadows fall harmlessly outside of the garden and if we've our shortest tiniest plants in the South end of the garden, they don't shade anybody because of their height. So we would stair-step the height of our plants and for that information we can look at our different seed catalogs or our gardening books and see how tall different plants get. Corn can get over 10 feet tall, so it would be best suited in the North end of any garden. Lettuce, 6 or 12 inches tall, depending on the variety and that would be best in the South end of the garden. So you can see we would need to know what our plant is going to do to establish where we want it to be. So again we would look for best sunlight and the best soil on our property. Now let's say we don't have a piece of property. We can still do organic gardening. We can grow our food in containers. Containers placement should happen some place where you've full sun, again for 11 or 12, or 13 hours a day, during the growing season, and our containers can be in a row on the North South Axis, just like we would do our beds in our garden or they could be individually, here and there. We can place our containers up against our house. We can place them on a sunny balcony. If you've a condo, townhouse, apartment and have a balcony on the South side of your building, that's an ideal place to have these containers. The East side or West side of your building may not have enough sunlight to grow most crops. You should be able to grow Lettuce and Spinach with the short day light hours that you would have on the East or West side of a building, the North side of t