Important information about first aid for infants & children.
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Meredith Chipperton: First aid is an important skill to have. As well as first aid for grownups, there are also first aid courses for infants and there is something you and your partner might consider doing. Well, here with us today is Scott Mitchell from the St. John Ambulance Service. Welcome to the show, Scott! Scott Mitchell: Thanks for having me here. Meredith Chipperton: So Scott, how can we prevent most of the accidents that occur at home? Scott Mitchell: Well, there is a lot of things that we can do. For example, in the kitchen, having the handles tend inside when you are cooking things on the stove, whatever is cooking doesn’t spill on the child. Meredith Chipperton: Because that’s for burning and scolding. Scott Mitchell: Exactly, and in regards to poisons, making sure that they are clearly labeled in their original bottles and that they are kept up high and locked away so that children and infants don’t have access to them. Meredith Chipperton: Okay, but not having them in their original bottles like some people might put them in a Coke cane or something. Scott Mitchell: Exactly, Coke bottles or Sprite bottles. Little Johnny comes along and says like some lemonade he’s like, oh, a bit tasty, I’ll have some lemonade and he is just answering that. Meredith Chipperton: Yeah, right, so keep them in the original bottles out of arms reach. Scott Mitchell: Exactly. Meredith Chipperton: What are some other things you can do to prevent accidents in the home? Scott Mitchell: Well, additional baby proofing as well, having rails on beds, having guards on stairs, having guides on stairs as well so that there are little babies which needs to crawl and can’t fall down and potentially harm themselves. Meredith Chipperton: So what are some common first aid issues for infants? Scott Mitchell: Well, the most common one we’ll have to pay additional bumps and things like that that occur in the home, but a lot of parents said, their doctors said about allergic reactions and bends and a lot of parents also want to know about Johnny. Meredith Chipperton: Even if you don’t have a pool or a spa? Scott Mitchell: Yeah -- not anything like that. If you’ve got a park whether it is alike or being anywhere near around a pond or even at a friend’s pool or anywhere it just need water, even in the bath as well. I mean just a little amount of water I can actually join the child. Meredith Chipperton: They do say, also to be careful, if you soak nappies in buckets of water, so even like just a minimal amount of water can increase the risk. Scott Mitchell: Yeah, just a little amount of water can just fill out the lungs, just about little amount which can actually jam, because the airway just blocks off. Meredith Chipperton: Right. Scott Mitchell: Yeah, and as well as a lot of parents also just want to know about general resuscitation for child and infants because what people know more about is adults, and it’s not that much awareness about child and infants. Meredith Chipperton: And there is a difference with adults and children? Scott Mitchell: There used to be, but not anymore. It’s more of having compressed our hands and halfway down the chest so that we can press and that’s it. Meredith Chipperton: Can you show us some little tips. Scott Mitchell: Sure. Well, I’ve got books here, and just in normal adult when we are doing compressions, we just interlock our hands and just compress. However, in relation to size, babies are lot smaller than adults, so we just use our two fingers and we just compress on the chest just like that, just with that two fingers. We do it at the compression. So we do it to your face, just in the center of the chest and then just check few breaths. Something that’s really important to know is that in regards to the head, in adults, we tilt the head all the way back, however, with the child, just has to be in its natural position just because the airway hasn’t fully developed yet. And I’ve also got little Johnny here. Meredith C