Communicating with your child, and one way to do it is by talking to him.
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Estelle Matthews: Now did you realize that many children in the UK enter school with inadequate language and communication skills and this need not be the case the majority of children can develop their communication skills as babies and toddlers with just a little help from their parents. The National Literacy Trust are attempting to address this and with me today in the studio is Liz Attenborough who runs that Talk to you baby campaign. First of all Liz welcome and what is the National Literacy Trust? Liz Attenborough: It's a literacy based charity that's really about making a literate nation for everyone concentrating on all age groups but in particular I am concentrating on the idea is with a feeling with a language rich home from the start, you are much more able to cop with all the literacy that's going to be throwing at you later. Estelle Matthews: Tell us a bit more about your specific campaign. Liz Attenborough: Yeah we don't believe that anybody will fully doesn't talk to their baby but for some reason people just aren't doing as much as they use to and we don't quite now what the reason is might be for -- might be on that. The different we have a family structure and the busy we all lead the fact also that we will do our own -- isolating things in the home we don't congregate in one warm room and have meal times together etc. but for whatever the reason many head teachers are saying that too many children arriving at school with poor communication skills and that effects their ability to learn but also their ability to make friends and be sociable and emotionally well fed beings yeah. Estelle Matthews: Now you are saying too many children but just how big is the problem Liz. Liz Attenborough: Well it does sound as if some reception classes teachers are saying that over 50% are coming with what they would consider poor communications skills for the age and it's going to hold them back. So what we are suggesting is that much more time given in the home by parents to take time to communicate with their child which as well talking directly to the means also listening to them giving them time to practice because we learn to talk by imitation and we have to have get it ourselves someone is going to be there to listen and take time to encourage. Estelle Matthews: Now we got a wonderful multicultural nation, but that does cause language problems a lot of people are going into school with English may be as a second language. Liz Attenborough: Yes it seems that the experts say that if you do have two languages or you are speaking at home something that isn't English you should carry on doing that because the key thing is to become a good communicator and actually children who have two or even three languages although they may filter when they are quite young later actually have a much better facility for language but the key thing is that they should learn to become communicators in whatever languages best in the home. Estelle Matthews: So let's go through a few key points, what if we got to avoid and for example let's talk about very sensitive issue of dummies. Should we or shouldn't we give our children dummies? Liz Attenborough: It is sensitive issue you are quite right but the advice from speech and language therapist and dentist and things is that dummy should be gone by the first by your first birthday and up to when should any be used for a very short time each day because it does effect the way your mouth develops or the way you use your tongue and you really cant learn to talk if you got something in your mouth. Estelle Matthews: So it's not so much to do deal with it, it's a lazy options for the parents it's more to do with the actual development of the mouth. Liz Attenborough: The development of the soft palate all sorts of technical things and it is much more beneficial for you as a baby to be able to babble to use our lips and that's how you learn to talk because babies are born to be sociable and when