This medical video focus' on the new way to treat cancer, by treating it based on your genes rather than on what they see in the microscope.
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Jennifer Matthews: Not today but soon Ken Burlingame hopes to get back on the course. Kenneth Burlingame: We have 27 holes here, and I haven't played only but four times. Jennifer Matthews: In 1989, Ken was diagnosed with bladder cancer, he's tried countless treatments. Kenneth Burlingame: I've had everything in the known books that they can throw at you. Jennifer Matthews: His latest treatment seems to be working if only he could have had this one first. Dr. Caio Max Rocha Lima says the key to treatment success is in the genes with the tumor. Dr. Caio Max Rocha Lima: Until recently, we were treating patients based on what we see in the microscope. Now, we are going to be able to see and treat the patients based on what we see in their genes. Jennifer Matthews: Researchers study this pattern of 12,000 genes in a tumor. A database shows which pattern respond to which treatments, allowing doctors to recommend the best treatment for each patient. Dr. Caio Max Rocha Lima: They will have a higher chance that the treatment we are going to offer will be right for them. Jennifer Matthews: It's an advantage that Ken's wife believes could have helped him. Freda Burlingame: If we know what we're dealing with, it's much easier than just, well, let's try this chemo and see what happens. Well, that didn't work; let's try the next kind of chemo and that's what he has been on for the past 13 years. Jennifer Matthews: For Ken, his life is like his golf game; a struggle that's worth continuing. Freda Burlingame: You take it day-by-day, don't you? Kenneth Burlingame: We do know. Jennifer Matthews: This is Jennifer Matthews reporting.