Dr. Matthew Capehorn of the National Obesity Forum tells us about the various causes and reasons that people become and remain obese in Britain.
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Paul Stillman: In this episode, we’re going to talk about some of the reasons why people become obese and equally what you can do to lose and control your weight. Because it doesn’t matter how old you are, if you’re the ideal weight, you will feel better, you’ll be healthier and altogether, I think your welfare is going to be substantially increased. Watch this segment, I'm Paul Stillman and this is streaming well. Why do you think it’s so hard for people to lose weight? Male: Well, I think it’s just because people are going lazy because things are very more convenient today. Female: Some are just too easy, the society and culture you know staying home and watching TV during each games. Male: I think its lack of activity and lack of understanding around nutrition I think. Male: The big problem is probably laziness. Female: Because most of the food is very fattening when you go in restaurants. Male: I think it’s because there’s too much food. Paul Stillman: The reasons why people become obese are as varied as the people themselves. Let me introduce Dr. Matthew Capehorn who is a obese specialist from the national obese. Matthew Capehorn: Unfortunately, there isn’t just one cause of the obesity epidemic and that’s why it’s so difficult to actually manage the problem. We know that are several different common factors they all play apart. Unfortunately, we’ve noticed the trend recently over the last 10 or 20 years where cushion sizes have got a lot bigger. We see this in all that fast foods and take away restaurants where what used to be large is now considered a small or a regular size and we have always encourage to go one size higher or super size meat as they say and we also see this in restaurants as well. We also see this in our supermarkets where there’s buy one and get one free or 33% off. All of these offers encourage the consumer to actually buy more than they actually need. Process foods are more likely to enter the obese epidemic rather in raw foods because how calorie dense they are so for the amount that they fill you up, there’s a lot more calories than say in fruit and vegetables and there’s also other preservatives and in particular salt that encourages you to go back to eat those foods because they taste so nice and perhaps even drink more as well and not everybody drinks water or diet drinks. So every time that you drink in a high calorie sugary drink, that’s more empty calories that is going into your body. Unfortunately, the general public believes that it’s entirely down to their genes as to why one generation after another in the same family are always going to be overweight or obese. When in natural fact, we know that there are learned behaviors that you develop if say for example your parents were of the habit of eating too much, eating the wrong things and not exercising enough and their parents were the same then slightly that you might learn that behavior from them and some of your weight might be explained by that. There are several metabolic conditions that you have to look out for when a patient presents with weight problems. Now the most common one of this is an underactive thyroid or hypothyroidism. Now this is a condition that affects the main gland that sits in the neck that controls your whole metabolism and this is the one that patient refers to when they say it’s my glands doctor. Now this can be identified with a straight blood test that comes back within a matter of a day or two and it’s very easily treated. And once treated, there’s no reason why those patients as part of a calorie controlled diet with exercise can’t lose weight in the same way that anybody else without the thyroid problem could lose weight. Paul Stillman: There are many people who feel that they can’t lose weight or perhaps don’t want to lose weight but that’s up to them. Let’s all be aware of the fact that obesity is a risk factor for many other diseases which can make your life more difficult and even shorten it. And