Dr. Jonty Heaversedge talks about the consequences of careless sex.
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Emma Howard: Hello! I am Emma Howard, and I am joined by Dr. Jonty Heaversedge, he is an expert on men's health problem. Hello Jonty! Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: Hi Emma! Emma Howard: A question here, a young man, I think, from the question. My girlfriend and I are sexually active, but we have never had full penetrative sex. He wants to know if it's still possible for her to become pregnant without penetration? Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: Okay. The answer to that is yes, it is possible. Obviously it's less likely, but it is possible. And this is mainly because there are some sperms present in pre-cum, in the clear fluid that men produce prior to ejaculation, when they are sexually aroused, and for that reason if any sperm get into the vagina, then there's a risk of pregnancy. So yes, there is definitely at least a theoretical risk. Emma Howard: And the younger you are, the higher that risk. Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: Absolutely! And I think also the other thing -- I mean, obviously we don't very much about their relationship, but the other thing to bear in mind is that, also in the pre-cum, in this fluid, sexually transmitted infections can be carried as well. So I think, again, you need to be very aware of that, because actually even HIV could be acquired that way. So I think, what I would suggest is, if they are really worried, they ought to be using condoms. And also just because, I guess, if you get carried away in the excitement of the moment, if you have got a condom there you are far less likely to have unprotected sex. So I think at the very least having condoms handy would be a good idea for this couple. Emma Howard: And do you think that it's a question that's kind of showing up the fact that lot of young couples think that full penetrative sex is what gives you the STIs and fear of pregnancy, etcetera, and that if you don't do it, you are safe, and clearly you are not. Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: And you are not completely safe. I think you are right, that's an important message to get across. And even in terms of contraception, there are still people who rely on the withdrawal method, where they will have penetrative sex, but the man will just pull out before coming. And again, we know that there's still a significant risk of pregnancy with that, and definitely risk of sexually transmitted infections. So yeah, I mean condoms I think are the way forward until they are in a relationship where they want to make other decisions about contraceptive. Emma Howard: And we haven't even talked about the frustration of taking yourself to the brink and not quite going there as well. Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: Absolutely! Yeah. I think it must be very difficult, and that's why I say, just be prepared, because you never know when you are going to just get carried away. Emma Howard: And not a bad thing if you then have protection. Dr. Jonty Heaversedge: Yes. Exactly. Emma Howard: Jonty, thank you very much for that. And if you have a similar problem, we hope we might have given you some help, but remember, it's always best to go and see your own doctor for medical advice. We will back with more health question and answers.