Rheumatoid Arthritis Prevention

Written by the Healthline Editorial Team | Published on September 4, 2014
Medically Reviewed by Brenda B. Spriggs, MD, MPH, MBA on September 4, 2014

Preventing Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. There is no known way to prevent it, because the exact causes are still unknown. However, there may be ways to reduce the chance of developing severe joint damage after an RA diagnosis.

Get Help Early

If you have any symptoms of RA, see a doctor as soon as possible. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), early, aggressive treatment can delay serious side effects of RA. It can also reduce the risk of developing serious joint damage down the road.


According to Mayo Clinic, gentle stretching and strength exercises can reduce RA pain. They can also decrease bone loss, a potentially serious side effect of RA.

However, talk to your rheumatologist or physical therapist about developing an exercise program that is safe for you. Exercising during a flare-up can cause pain or injury. High-impact exercises, like jogging, can also put you at risk.

In general, you should rest during flare-ups to prevent further damage. Then you can exercise in between episodes to maintain joint flexibility and function.

Quit Smoking

According to the CDC, smoking significantly increases your risk for developing RA.  A history of smoking is associated with a 1.3 to 2.4 times increased risk of RA. It’s the one risk factor for the disease that is in your control.

If you’re a smoker, quit today. Quitting smoking will greatly reduce your chance of getting RA later in life.

Was this article helpful? Yes No

Thank you.

Your message has been sent.

We're sorry, an error occurred.

We are unable to collect your feedback at this time. However, your feedback is important to us. Please try again later.

Article Sources:

More on Healthline

Common Asthma Triggers and How to Avoid Them
Common Asthma Triggers and How to Avoid Them
Learn about some of the most common triggers for asthma, as well as measures you can take to minimize your risk of exposure, symptoms, and flares.
Lifestyle Changes to Help Manage COPD
Lifestyle Changes to Help Manage COPD
Leading a healthy lifestyle can make a big difference in your COPD symptoms. Learn more about basic changes that will make it easier to manage your COPD.
Numbness, Muscle Pain and Other RA Symptoms
Numbness, Muscle Pain and Other RA Symptoms
The symptoms of RA are more than just joint pain and stiffness. Common symptoms include loss of feeling, muscle pain, and more. Learn more in this slideshow.