The extent of complications you and/or your baby experience during pregnancy determines the degree of follow-up care necessary after delivery. Women with mild to moderate chronic hypertension who deliver at full term are likely to follow a regular schedule of post-partum visits with their doctors. More complicated pregnancies often result in premature delivery and hospitalization. In these cases, follow-up care is much more frequent and stringent.
The effects of hypertension on the placenta can reduce the supply of oxygen and nutrition to the baby, which can contribute to lower-than-expected birth weights. Prematurity and low birth weight increase your baby's risk for complications and long-term health problems. Some babies are born with low Apgar scores (indicative of poor physical status), poor circulation, and fluid or tissues in their organs. Some have respiratory problems and require artificial ventilation. Injury to the bowel due to perforation and damaged blood vessels in the brain are other possible complications. If your baby has any of these problems, she may require a prolonged stay in a neonatal intensive care unit. Encouragingly, some complications of premature delivery resolve on their own over time; however, some babies experience developmental and learning disabilities.