Multiple Sclerosis from Top to Bottom

Getting the Complete Picture

Multiple Sclerosis is a neurodegenerative and inflammatory immune condition that causes problems throughout the body. Pinpoint the disease’s effects from head to toe.


MS gradually breaks down the protective cover (myelin sheath) around the nerves. This makes it hard for the brain to communicate to the rest of the body. This can cause dizziness, vertigo, depression and emotional changes, confusion, forgetfulness, and headache. In some cases, MS can cause tremors, seizures, and other cognitive problems. read more.

As many as 4 in 10 people with MS experience problems with speech at some point in their MS journey. This may include slurring, volume or pitch control, articulation difficulty, and hoarseness. Others may develop nerve damage in the muscles responsible for swallowing, which can cause coughing, choking, and other complications. read more.

The nerve damage caused by MS often leads to problems with hand-eye coordination. It also frequently causes tingling, numbing, or sensations of “pins and needles” in the arms and legs. read more.

Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated disease. The body’s immune cells attack healthy nerve tissue, although the cause for this is still unknown. Other symptoms of the disease may lead to pneumonia, nutrient deficiencies, and inflammatory conditions. Infections may also lead to MS attacks. read more.

MS can cause dysfunction in the bladder or bowels in as many as 8 in 10 individuals. People with MS frequently battle bladder infections and urinary tract infections, and some also suffer from upset stomach, diarrhea, or constipation

Nerve damage can affect the gait, making it difficult to walk. Advanced MS may weaken muscles and coordination so significantly that canes or wheelchairs may be necessary. read more.

The degenerative nature of MS does not pass over the eyes. Vision problems are often among the first symptoms of MS and may include serious blurring, eye pain, double vision, and poor contrast. read more.

Recent research indicates that women with MS are at an increased risk of cardiovascular problems, such as stroke and heart disease. read more.

Weakened trunk muscles and nerve damage along the spinal cord can cause pain, fatigue, inflammation, and even make it difficult to breathe. read more.

Individuals with MS may experience sexual dysfunction due to nerve damage, mobility problems, loss of sensation, and emotional problems. Many people may lose the ability to become aroused or suffer from fatigue, spasticity, or emotional problems that interfere with sexual relationships. MS does not reduce fertility, however, and many women experience a break from MS symptoms during pregnancy. read more.

The skeletal system can suffer due to nutrient deficiencies and inactivity, both of which are common in MS. Extended inactivity can weaken bones and lead to osteoporosis and fragile or brittle bones in people with MS. read more.

Nerve and muscle troubles often lead to problems with balance. Coordination problems may also affect an individual’s ability to play sports or perform motions that are heavily dependent on footwork. read more.

MS on the Brain
on the Tongue
Arm Wrestling with MS
Immunity and MS
MS on the Bladder & Bowels
Getting a Leg Up
Visions of MS
Getting a Pulse on MS
Breathing it in
MS and the Reproductive System
Bone by Bone
A Joint Venture

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