If you suspect you are experiencing migraine headaches, you should make an appointment with your primary healthcare provider—an internist or family practice physician, or, for children, a pediatrician.
Your primary care provider will determine if further tests to rule out other conditions are necessary. If your doctor determines you do have migraine, he or she will most likely prescribe medication to relieve pain or stop headaches and will monitor its effectiveness as well as how often you are using it.
If your migraine symptoms are frequent or severe, your primary care physician may refer you to a neurologist, a specialist who deals with the brain and nervous system. Neurologists often focus on specific conditions, such as sleep disorders or cancer, so make sure your neurologist has training in headache or migraine treatment. A neurologist can perform tests to rule out more serious conditions, prescribe treatments to reduce the frequency of headaches, and help find alternatives if your medications do not work or cause problematic side effects.
Headache clinics bring together medical professionals in multiple fields—internists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and physical and occupational therapists—who all specialize in treating migraine and other types of headache. If your headaches are especially severe or if you have other medical conditions that make your treatment more complicated, your primary care physician may refer you to a headache clinic for expert care.