Primary Care Physician

Sometimes called a general practitioner or a family practice doctor, a primary care physician will treat an array of chronic and acute illnesses ranging from heart failure to thyroid disease, arthritis, depression and virtually every other condition in the book. He or she can also serve as a home base for your medical care, sending you to specialists as needed and keeping all your health information in one place for future reference.


If you have a chronic condition, such as hypertension or diabetes, you may wish to also have an internist. An internist is to an adult what a pediatrician is to a child; he or she is specifically trained to treat adult diseases.


A dermatologist specializes in the treatment of skin, hair, and nails. He or she will conduct an annual full-body skin check for any unusual moles, which could be the beginning signs of skin cancer.


See a dentist to have your teeth cleaned twice a year. If you develop a cavity or other dental problem, your dentist will be in charge of this care.

Optometrist or Ophthalmologist

An optometrist and an ophthalmologist both specialize in the treatment of eyes and problems affecting the eyes. If you just need to have your vision checked, you’ll most likely see an optometrist. If you have or develop a problem with your eyes or vision, you will see or be referred to an ophthalmologist.


Urologists specialize in the medicine of male and female urinary tracts, as well as the reproductive system for men. Men would see a urologist for conditions such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, or cancers of the urinary tract as well as infertility and sexual dysfunction problems.