Physiatrist (fizz eye' uh tree)
The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) recognizes 24 medical specialties for which physicians can receive Board Certification. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is also known as Physiatry or PM&R. These specialists promote the restoration of function for people with neurological and musculoskeletal disabilities. PM&R specialists complete four years of additional training after medical school in a special residency-training program. There are 80 accredited Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residency programs in the U.S. Some physiatrists pursue further specialization and training in pediatrics, traumatic brain injury and spinal-cord injury.
The specialty of PM&R evolved in response to the needs of disabled veterans returning from World War II. Musculoskeletal injuries are common in the U.S. and it is estimated that over 35 million occur annually. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialists are skilled in treating: