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    What is Hypogonadism?

    Hypogonadism occurs when your sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. The sex glands, also called >gonadstesticle development, and pubic hair growth. Sex hormones also play a role in menstrual cycles and sperm production.

    Hypogonadism may also be called gonad deficiency. In males, it may be called low serum testosterone or andropause.

    Most cases of this disorder can be successfully treated. p>

    >9 Warning Signs of Low Testosterone

    Types of Hypogonadism

    id="TOC_TITLE_2" class="content_body">

    There are two types of hypogonadism: primary and central hypogonadism.

    Primary Hypogonadism

    mones from the brain, but are not able to produce them.

    Primary hypogonadism means that you do not have enough sex hormones in your body due to a problem in the gonads. The gonads are still receiving the message to produce hormooes frommte brain, but are not able to produce them.

    <>Central Hypogonadism

    In central hypogonadism, the problem lies in the brain. Here the hypothalamus and pituitary gland—which control the gonads—are not working properly.

    What are the Causes of Hypogonadism? id="TOC_TITLE_3" class="content_body"> <

    Causes of primary hypogonadism include:

    • autoimmune disorders, such as Addison’s disease and hypoparathyroidism
    • >surgery on the sex organs

      Central hypogonadism may be caused by:

      • genetic disorders, such as Kallmann syndrome
      • >
      • ini>infections, including HIV and AIDS
      • pituitary disorders
      • inflammatory diseases, including sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and histiocytosis
      • li>obesityrapid weight loss
      • nutritional deficiencies
      • lili>use of sterds o or opiates
      • bleeding
      • brain surgery
      • radiation exposure
      • i>injury to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus
      • a tumor in or near the pituitary gland
    • a name="Symptoms"><What are the Symptoms of Hypogonadism? > < p>Symptoms that may affect females include:<
      y affect ct females include:
      • no menstruation
      • slow or absent breast growth

      • >hot flashes
      • loss of body hair
      • low sex drive
      • milky discharge from the breasts
      • /ul> >Symptoms that may affect malesmales include:nclude:

        • loss of body hair
        • muscle loss
        • breast growth

        • i>reduced growth of penis and testicleserectile dysfunction
        • osteoporosis
        • li>low sex driveinfertility
        • fatigue
        • hot flashes
        • lo>
        • >difficulty concentratatatingtii/li>

      Diagnosis and Tests

    • lo>

  • body hair, and your sexual organs.

    Your doctor will conduct a physical exam to confirm that your sexual development is at the proper level for your age. He or she may examine your muscle mass bonr sexual organs. >

    Hormone Tests

    If your doctor suspects hypogonadism, the first round of testing will involve checking your sex hormone levels. You will need a blood test to check your level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The pituitary gland produces these reproductive hormones.

    our sperm count. Sperm erm

    Females will have their estrogen level tested. Males will have their testosterone level tested. These tests are usually done in the morning, when hormone levels are highest. If you are male, your doctor may also order a semen analysis to check yyour ur sperm count. Sperm count can be reduced by hypogonadism..<

    > >For Men/h3>

    Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is a widely used treatment for hypogonadism in males. Testosterone (the male sex hormone) may be given as an injection, patch, gel or lozenge. Injections of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone may be given to trigger puberty or to increase the production of sperm.

  • Can Testosterone Supplements Sx>

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