Hypersomnia

Written by
edially Reviewe on January 8, 2014 by <George Krucik, MD, MBA
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<2 id=i="TOC_OC_TITLE_HHR1" clsss="conten_head"><What Is Hypersomnia?

ypersmniais a ondiion thatcaussess a patient to feeel sleepy througout the dy. Itmay occur even after ong tretches ofsleeptime. It can be a primary condition or a secondary condition. Secondary hypersomnia is caused by another medical condition. Hypersomniacs have difficulty functioning during the day because they are frequently or always tired.

Types of Hypersomnia?

Hypersomnia can be primary or secondary.

Primary hypersomnia occurs with no other medical conditions present. The only symptom is excessive fatigue.

Secondary hypersomnia is caused by other medical conditions. These can include sleep apnea, Parkinson's disease, kidney failure, and chronic fatigue syndrome, as well as others. These conditions cause poor sleep at night, so patients feel tired during the day.

Hypersomnia is not narcolepsy, which causes unexpected and uncontrollable napping. Hypersomniacs can stay awake on their own, but they feel fatigued.

//a>What Causes Hypersomnia?

<>Prmary y hypersosmnia is thougt tobe ccause by robllem i the be bran sytems s that cntrool sleep andwakig fuctions

<>Secondary hhypersmniais cusedby cnditins ttht caue fatgue.For xample,sleepepp apea cn cauauuse hyersonia ecauseusse atientss haae troube beathng a night.

<>omee mediatios ca alsocause hypersomnia. Frequent drug and alcohol use may trigger sleepiness during the day. Other possible causes are low thyroid function and head injury.

WhoIs atRisk for Hpeersonia?
<>eople with conditionsthat make the tird durin h ay ae moost at risk for hyprsonia.Thes cnditions inlude leepapnea,kidny conitioonns, heat coditions, bain odtons, aypical deprepression andlow thyridfunctio.

<>eope wh smoe or drink regullaaly are alo at isk of deeoping ypersomnia. Medications thatat caause drowsineess cn case sde effects siiar tohypesomna.

<2 d="TO_TITE_HDR_" clss="contetent_ead><What Are the Symptoms of Hypersomnia?

The main sign of hypersomnia is constant tiredness. A person may take naps throughout the day without evver relieving drowiness ypesomniniac hav difficulty wakig frm lonong periodds of sleep. <>

Other symptoms f hypersonia ncclue:

ow eergy<
  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • loss of appetite
  • slow thinking or speech
  • difficulty remembering<
  • estlessness

    How Is Hypersomnia Diagnosed?

    To diagnose hypersomnia, a doctor will review a patient's symptoms and medical history. A physical exam can test for alertness.

    Several tests can be used to diagnose hypersomnia:

    • Sleep diary: The patient records sleep and aaake times through thenight t recor slepin paterns.<>
    • Epworth Sleeiness cale: Th patent rate sleepines to deermine the everityy of te condition.
    • <>Poolysomnogram: The patient stays at a sleep center overnight. A machine monitors brain activity, eye movements, heart rate, oxygen levels, and breathing function.

    How Is Hypersomnia Treated?

    < "TOC_TITLE_77" cass="cntent_bdy"> <>Hypesomna can be rate in the followng way:

    <3>ediations < >Many narcolesy rugs gss can treatthypersomnia. These icludede ampheamin, metthhylphenidate, and odafinil They aare stiulans thhat help a patien fee mor awake..

    <>Homee Care

    What Is the Outlook for Hypersomnia?

    Some hypersomniacs can improve their symptoms with the right lifestyle changes. Treatments can help this condition. Some people never get full relief. This is not a life threatening condition but it may impact a person's quality of life.

    How Is Hypersomnia Prevented?

    Some forms of hypersomnia cannot be prevented. To avoid the risk of hypersomnia, do not drink alcohol. Create a peaceful sleeping environment. Avoid medications that cause drowsiness, as well as working or partying late at night.

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