In many cases, treatment will correct infertility, and a couple will be able to conceive a child either naturally or through medically assisted means. Doctors may use a variety of resources either alone or in combination to help treat infertility, including medicine, surgery, artificial insemination, or assisted reproductive technology. 


In men with sexual problems (impotence or premature ejaculation), behavioral therapy may be used alone or in conjunction with medication. Erectile dysfunction may also require the use of medicines in conjunction with therapy or counseling.


A too-low sperm count can sometimes be treated with surgery, if the problem is related to a blocked duct or physical impairment of the reproductive system. Surgery can also correct any abnormal veins in people with varicocele or obstructions in the veins and tubes that run throughout the reproductive system.


Antibiotics can be used to treat infections that might be affecting sperm count.

Hormone Replacement Therapy

For men with hormone imbalances, hormone replacement therapies or medications that can correct the hormone levels may be prescribed.

Assisted Reproductive Surgery

If the infertility is due to permanent damage or blockage that can’t be fixed with surgery, assisted reproductive technology (ART) may be used. In ART procedures, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), sperm is removed directly from the testicle and injected into an egg. The fertilized egg is then placed inside a woman’ uterus for implantation.

Making Better Lifestyle Choices

Environmental or lifestyle factors that may be contributing to infertility, such as tobacco use or weight problems, can be identified through discussions with your doctor. In many cases, behavioral therapy may be used to eliminate these things. 

Insurance coverage for these procedures varies greatly, so the cost to you depends on how much of it is covered by your insurance plan. Especially with ART, a successful pregnancy may need repeated attempts, which increases out-of-pocket expense.